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مبانی صحبت کردن به انگلیسی 2

I have + past participle

Again, ‘I have’ shows possession or something acquired. By adding a past participle you are informing someone of a past or completed action done by you.

Here are some examples:

I have done it.
“I have heard that before.”
“I have driven a car.”
“I have forgotten the words.”
“I have read that book.”
“I have eaten at that restaurant before.”
“I have flown in an airplane.”
“I have forgiven you.”
“I have seen you before.”
“I have written a letter.”

I used to + verb

Used to’ expresses something that was done in the past, and is not usually done now.

Here are some examples:

I used to develop websites.
“I used to jog every day.”
“I used to paint.”
“I used to smoke.”
“I used to work from home.”
“I used to live in California.”
“I used to go to the beach every day.”
“I used to sing in a choir.”
“I used to like vegetables.”
“I used to start work at 6 o’clock.”

I have to + verb

The words ‘have to’ describe something that needs to take place soon. It expresses certainty, necessity, or obligation.

Here are some examples:

I have to switch schools.
“I have to use the telephone.”
“I have to go to the bathroom.”
“I have to leave.”
“I have to unpack my bags.”

You can also add the word ‘don’t’ to suggest that someone is not required to do something.

“I don’t have to switch schools.”
“I don’t have to use the telephone.”
“I don’t have to go to the bathroom.”
“I don’t have to leave.”
“I don’t have to unpack my bags.”

I wanna + verb

The word ‘wanna’ is incorrect grammatically.  It is equivalent to ‘want to.’ When combined with the word ‘I’ it helps communicate something you want to do.

Here are some examples:

I wanna talk.
“I wanna search for a job.”
“I wanna order some food.”
“I wanna marry her.”
“I wanna listen to that song.”

By adding the word ‘don’t’ you can change the meaning of what you are saying to something you ‘want’ to do to something you ‘do not’ want to do.

Here are some examples:

“I don’t wanna talk.”
“I don’t wanna search for a job.”
“I don’t wanna marry her.”
“I don’t wanna listen to that song.”
“I don’t wanna order some food.”

I gotta + verb

I gotta’ is grammatically incorrect.  It is more of a spoken form.  If you want to say this with proper grammar, the equivalent would be, ‘I have got to’ or ‘I’ve got to’.  In the spoken form, ‘got to’ is shortened to ‘gotta’ and the word ‘have’ is dropped.

Here are some examples:

I gotta manage my money.
“I gotta obey the laws.”
“I gotta move to a bigger house.”
“I gotta impress my boss.”
“I gotta brush my teeth.”

By adding the word ‘have’ you can change what you are saying to express something that needs to be done in the near future.

Here are some examples:

“I have got to be on time to work.”
“I’ve gotta try harder at school.”
“I’ve gotta tell my wife I’ll be late.”
“I’ve gotta learn more about the laws.”
“I’ve gotta clean my house today.”

I would like to + verb

This sentence lets someone know what you would be interested in doing.  This can be a physical, mental or verbal action.

Here are some examples:

I would like to answer that question.
“I would like to compete in a cooking contest.”
“I would like to explain myself.”
“I would like to invite you over.”
“I would like to practice.”
“I would like to become a doctor.”
“I would like to see you more often.”
“I would like to thank you.”
“I would like to learn about animals.”
“I would like to meet the President.”

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